Lighting the Way

While most Climate Change abatement is focused on the deployment of renewable energy, the real solution will in fact be from energy efficiency according to studies. Illumination sustainability is one of the new strategic fronts for municipal management, with a need to balance cost efficiency, maintenance and pollution at the macro level environmental effects with micro-level considerations on lighting quality, suitability, security and well-being. The City of Copenhagen in Europe is among global cities leading the way in energy efficiency initiatives with the latest “Green Wave” in the implementation of LED lighting across the city. LED lighting deployment is being taken by storm given its ultra-efficient, long-life, cost efficient, low waste sustainable characteristics.

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Copenhagen’s LED lighting paths spaced at intervals with sufficient road space to accommodate cyclists in smooth journeys.

LED is considered to be one of the most effective public space lighting options for many of these reasons and in the case of Copenhagen they have creatively used them as road markers for cyclists. In a string of green intervals across the city-centre, LED bike paths make for smoother cycling and improved environmentally friendly mobility with in-built technology to flash and warn cyclists of up-coming red traffic lights while also suggesting alternative paths for common routes. The ability for LEDs to dim more efficiently in comparison to other lighting forms has pushed its eco-credential further with bike and street LEDs brightening as vehicles and cyclists approach with roadside sensors. This unique function is particularly revolutionary to combat light pollution effects on nearby nature reserves and ecosystems that become distorted with bright lights.

For reference I have included some of the key factors in sustainable lighting strategy that were drawn from the Abu Dhabi lighting project:

• Ensuring targeted more people-oriented design for roadway and pavement lighting that is long-term and environmentally-friendly;
• Install caps over free-standing bulbs to direct the light downwards to the target source to improve efficiency and reduce light pollution;
• Conduct public consultations to understand the effects of light-pollution and to determine ambient lighting levels in public spaces to increase liveability, security and wellbeing;
• Plan and design lighting systems with care on local landmarks, cultural characteristics of cities and ecosystem effects;
• Optimise the use of efficient LED and low-energy alternatives while incorporating control and sensor technologies for infrastructure intelligence and lighting uniformity;
• Establish performance standards and benchmarks for external lighting with design guidance provided to asset owners;
• Return road lighting back to asset owners such as municipalities to ensure standardisation and efficiency in infrastructure management;
• Integrate dimming and other energy saving technology away from traditional high-mast road lighting.

Before Illumination Strategy
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After Illumination Strategy
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Abu Dhabi illumination strategy at a local roundabout, where the before and after effects can be observed, note the lighting comfort and ambient levels after altering light positions and targeting roundabout elements.

To read more about Copenhagen’s LED Strategy see below:

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The Hovenring, an innovative Circular Cycle Bridge in the Netherlands build in 2012.

The Copenhagen LED street network is planned to roll-out new functions such as sanitation department alerts to indicate full trash cans (also which funnily are tilted to cyclists to allow them to throw out rubbish on their journey) and also potentially collect data for administrators. The City also plans to use wireless sensors to track bus and bike movements and give priority to their journeys as well as recognising large cyclist groups and holding traffic lights green. The LED paths flash to warn other vehicles of on-coming cyclists that could fail to be seen in their blind spot to reduce right-turn accidents. LED can similarly be more dynamic in monitoring traffic flow and could even become smart lane markings for drivers to isolate and change how the road is allocated for vehicles. In many European cities, freight is often isolated to one side of the road to prevent accidents, blind spot challenges and also more efficiently manage freight flow. In many Asia-Pacific cities, freight movements could be isolated to certain times during the day and for the remaining part, private vehicles could occupy the road space.

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By Grant Duthie
Grant is from Australia and is a graduate in economics focusing on sustainability and human development. He has a unique insight into urban structures and social living environments as Australia has some of the most liveable cities in the Asia-Pacific region as well as strong experience in sub-tropical city design.

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Announcing: Microsoft CityNext joins the 2013 CITYNET Seoul Congress

800px-Downtown_KL_PanoramaThis November we will be asking the question, “How can cities use innovation to become more people-friendly?” To help find the answer, CITYNET is proud to announce that Microsoft CityNext will bring their innovation, experience and resources to the 2013 CITYNET Seoul Congress.

MSFT_logo_rgb_C-Gray_DMicrosoft CityNext is an infrastructure development and resilience program to help cities, citizens and governments harness the latest innovations to make their communities safer, healthier and more sustainable. At the 2013 CITYNET Seoul Congress, Microsoft CityNext experts will discuss ways to harness technology, services, and educational opportunities to help cities reimagine themselves.

As a vendor-neutral initiative, Microsoft CityNext is joining the urban development conversation to incorporate information communication technology (ICT) tools like cloud computing, mobile technology, data analysis and social networks into the urbanization agenda. The 2013 CITYNET Seoul Congress will serve as a platform to introduce their initiative to the Asia Pacific region and the CITYNET network and partners.

This is a must-see event, but if you can’t make it then check back soon for highlight videos, links and summaries. Want to know more about CityNext? Take a look!

Make sure to follow us on twitter and facebook and visit our congress website for all the latest details.

CITYNET Congress: Countdown to November

rectangular logoAs temperatures cool down in Seoul, the race to the 2013 CITYNET Seoul Congress is heating up. With only 50 days left, the CITYNET Secretariat is finalizing sessions, booking flights, and working with partners to create an innovative and informative congress.

What can you expect?
Our Cluster sessions are jam-packed with presentations, discussions, and outside information from the UNDP, KOTI, UNISDR, and UNESCAP to name a few. With member cities driving the discussion, there will be plenty of key best practices and experiences to take home and implement.

Seoul's TOPIS Transportation Data Office

Seoul’s TOPIS Transportation Data Office

On Tuesday, the Congress will feature a series of sessions organized by Clean Air Asia, the Seoul Institute, and UNESCAP. These partner organizations will present their experience in responding to urban issues ranging from climate resilience, to transportation, to air quality. Here in the Secretariat Office, we are so excited about choosing which session to attend!

Finally, on Wednesday we have an all-star line up from multi-lateral foundations and for-profit partners. We’ll be revealing these collaborators soon. You will know their names and share our excitement. These sessions will focus on planning, resiliency, and technological solutions. Check back soon for more details on who and what will be on display.

conference seatsRegister Now!
If you are a CITYNET member, partner, or an active urban stakeholder, register your attendance now. Space is limited and this is not an event you want to miss. If you are not able to attend the congress, don’t worry. We will have regular updates, live-tweets, and video streaming from most sessions. For more information see www.seoul2013.citynetcongress.org or email partnerteam(at)citynet-ap.org.

We can’t wait to see you here in November!

The New Beginning

June was the craziest month for students in South Korea as the summer breeze made its way in and the exam season came along with a grin. However, for me, June was another beginning as I would be starting a new exciting journey as an intern with CITYNET.

The first day of my internship was an unforgettable memory. It’s like a normal love-at-first-sight story that once you feel it, you will not be able to control the smile and it will shine all over your face. So what is it exactly? Well, it started out with the feeling of “back-to-the-office-mode” which led to many invisible changes in my state of mind.

DSC_0080You can imagine, for three whole years I was an ordinary college student who overdosed on books, reading rooms, research and the library. To suddenly make it out of the academic bubble and see a whole new group of people walking around in formal attire, with access cards, and high heels, I was so inspired to be prepared for my upcoming professional life.

interns croppedAt CITYNET, I was greeted by impressive staff and the directors there (in the friendliest way as usual). Nervous but excited at the same time, I made it through the day with so much inspiration hunting me to think think think! I have to confess I love the fact that many executives here are women with rich international experiences and a passionate focus on their jobs. I love how their work will make a big contribution to the development of cities in Asia-Pacific, including where I’m from (Cambodia).

I love that my first little step at CITYNET has influenced my future goals and will gravitate me from my blurry vision to something better and unbelievably attainable. Once in a while, I think one needs to step out of their comfort zone. Because for me, the first un-comfort zone I stepped in was an internship at CITYNET. Beyond all my first strange intimidating feelings, I learned to realize what is next for me, and I’m now more than ready to happily step out even further. After all, it was a great new beginning.

Molyna with staff and other interns

Molyna with staff and other interns

molyna 2by Molyna Noun, CITYNET Intern

Disclaimer: The posts and comments on this site do not necessarily reflect the opinions of CITYNET or its members.

CITYNET Secretary General Mary Jane Ortega Speaks on Localized Improvement and City-to-City Cooperation

CITYNET Secretary General Mary Jane Ortega

CITYNET Secretary General Mary Jane Ortega

 

Excerpt and translation from Kanagawa Newspaper (December 3, 2010) as part of their series on the new environmental era (in Japanese) http://news.kanaloco.jp/serial/C96/

In 2009, two large typhoons struck the Philippines and caused a great deal of damage.  As the mayor of San Fernando La Union, I installed a drainage canal and vacuum tank at the advice of a World Bank consultant who said we can’t create a city without disaster, but if we are prepare, we can minimize the damage. In order to reduce the damage incurred from a disaster, we need appropriate city planning based on comprehensive research.

CITYNET shares these kinds of experiences and knowledge among member cities and organizations to create more resilient cities. We have undertaken several city-to-city cooperation projects amongst CITYNET member cities, utilizing Yokohama, Seoul and Kuala Lumpur as resource cities. Through these experiences, developing cities receive technical support on water resources, sanitation, solid waste management, transport, and urban safety.
We have also undertaken ‘south to south’ cooperation projects: that is cooperation between two developing cities.
Best practices are shared, and instead of just reading about such practices, it is best to learn through action, replication, and innovation based on the culture of each city.

Developing cities should not adopt lessons learned simply from best practices implemented by developed nations. They should decide what is viable for their cities and what is not. When I was in the United States in 1998, I visited one landfill where I was asked what kind of scent I preferred.  People at the landfill site opened a valve and suddenly from tubes all around the perimeter emerged the scent of cinnamon, they explained that they used this scent at lunchtime.  I was told that they use a lime or lemon scent at night.  When I returned home, I thought of planting 1,500 ylang-ylang trees  near the city’s landfill (ylang-ylang is native to the Philippines and has a fragrant and unique scent) . I believe it is crucial to ask what will work for your city specifically and put that into action.

CITYNET Secretary General at ICLEI Congress

by
CITYNET Secretary General Mary Jane C. Ortega

The Secretary General of ICLEI, Konrad Otto-Zimmerman, invited me as an adviser of ICLEI and Secretary General of CITYNET to attend the 20th Anniversary Congress of ICLEI in Incheon, Republic of Korea.  Since I also served in the Executive Committee of ICLEI as a representative of Southeast Asia when I was Mayor of the City of San Fernando, La Union, Philippines, I accepted the invitation without hesitation.

I conveyed a congratulatory message from CITYNET and emphasised that ICLEI and CITYNET can be effective partners, ICLEI as a global organisation and CITYNET as a regional organization in Asia Pacific.  ICLEI was organised 20 years ago and CITYNET was organized 23 years ago, and both have worked for the improvement of human settlements. Throughout this time, ICLEI has emphasised the environment, which cannot be overlooked when working for the sustainability of cities.

I was proud to share that as for City-to-City cooperation, we were awarded the UN-HABITAT’s Scroll of Honour Award in 2002. At this point, I would like to share that I, too, received the UN-HABITAT’s Scroll of Honour Award in 2000 for being active in gender empowerment of women, and for advocating city development strategies.

Since it was International Teacher’s Day, I urged everyone present to be teachers of the environment in their respective communities.

I was also asked to be a panelist on the session of recounting the history of ICLEI and how ICLEI has improved our cities.  The City of San Fernando had already embarked on projects like a green city with the planting of 1,340,000 trees in the span of three years. We implemented a project on clean air with the conversion of two stroke tricycles to four strokes. We also made our La Union Botanical Garden the lung of the city. Our project on solid waste management started with a controlled dumpsite and we now have an engineered landfill of 10 hectares, which was constructed on  “design, build, and operate” terms of reference with the assistance of the World Bank. We also established a waste water treatment plant in the central business district, and upgraded the waste water treatment plant at slaughterhouses, incorporating ECOSAN toilets (a form of dry sanitation) into public use. Recently, we have started a septic treatment facility with the help of USAID, Rotary International and the local Rotary Club of San Fernando, and the city, and most recently, the Eco-tanks Project through CITYNET.

I joined ICLEI to ask guidance on what else can we do for the environment.  I learned about CARBON FOOTPRINT, the importance of biodiversity, the HEAT toolkit for the environment, and through ICLEI, joined the International Council of Mayors for Climate Change, and the International Council of Mayors on Early Warning.

Networking is important and during the International Council of Mayors on Early Warning held in Bonn, I talked with mayors from Latin America, like those from Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua about forging Cityto-City cooperation. The Mayor of an El Salvadorian city said, “What?  Marriage between two poor cities will not work.”  I replied, “Oh, yes it can. With the help of godparents, it can.”  And so we will look to the rich cities and the international organisations like the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, GTZ, CIDA, SIDA, AFS, CDIA, SIDA and the other agencies of the United Nations to be our godparents and make networking for the sustainability of cities possible.

Interview with Special Commissioner of Colombo Municipal Council

Colombo Special Commissioner

Omar Kamil, Special Commissioner for Colombo Municipality

Omar Kamil has extensive years experience in many aspects of governance and has been involved with Colombo city politics for over 30 years. His achievements are numerous but one of the keys to his success has been his view on governance and leadership. Colombo itself has seen a great many changes and has been a member of CITYNET since 1989. Most recently the city has become a cleaner city thanks to ideas on a shifting of awareness and a kind of culture change. Mr. Kamil shared his views on good governance in an interview with CITYNET.

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Q: Tell us about how you came into office.

I became Special Commissioner through appointment by the president. Even though we supported different political parties he told me that the important thing is the right person for the job. He said he needed doers, not talkers, and so he extended his support.

Q: How has Colombo been able to transform itself, especially in regards to garbage?

I believe that Colombo has become on of the cleanest in the region. People used to throw garbage in the street – so we knew we needed a culture change in order to get people to work together. We worked together with the national government and the police forces and now if the people throw garbage then the law will come down hard on them. Sometimes it takes two or three times before it gets into people’s heads but eventually people fall in line. Now people are disciplined and do hard work and don’t throw garbage on the street.

Q: Can you elaborate on how you carried out this culture change within the city government?

We had a different kind of thinking to achieve a better city: we decided to put 48 people on a flight to Singapore where they spent four days, this included both the private and government sector members. I was able to lead this first delegation. Members were then able to see first hand examples of good governance and practices and share experiences – to lay a foundation. Travel widens horizons. People are then presented with new thinking – ask them to share and how to best translate and transfer this into other programmes. This helped us come up with a determined programme. The onus is then on our officers. You have to deliver on your promises too. You have to work as a team.

Q: What are your views on good governance?

In election you can disagree, but in terms of the city let us work together – this has got acceptance now. The most important thing we need is strong, ethical, committed and honest leadership. Workers need to know that their leader is behind them, also they are invited to regular discussion. You cannot demand respect, you are given it. We can see the difference in good work. Share what they do with other continuing officers.

Examples must come from the top. As mayor, you are the first citizen of the city. Unless you show at the top what discipline, governance and the good practices that you are practicing yourself, you cannot expect others to follow. You have to lead and show good examples. If others see commitment then they will follow and learn from you. Commitment is very important.

I learned from my father that power is to be used and not misused or abused. If you go before the temple of justice you must go with clean hands otherwise don’t expect others to follow you.

Q: How did you develop this idea?

I originally came from the private sector and was elected a councillor in 79. I became deputy mayor in 97. At that time the mayor was also from the private sector. We agreed that it was important to bring experience from private sector and a business-like approach to the city. We thought that must manage a city like a company as there is nothing called a free lunch. A city must be financially viable and we must show that we are serious people and that we are doers. The people responded by paying their taxes. I also made sure to make a signboard at the site of projects which said ”your municipal tax rupees at work” also including the amount payable, date and name of the contractor. The public can clearly see progress with that type of approach.

There was a time when the opposition and my party were fairly evenly split. But I urged everyone and said that we need to build confidence and share responsibility. We need to genuinely show that we are serious. That helped me to be in office for five years without problems. I must say that my council has the best top and middle management; however leadership and direction have to be given

What is an example of a good practice that you implemented?

We took the city workers to a resort hotel for a weekend. I told them “I’d like you to dream what the city would be in 20 years from now. “ We took elected officials for the same opportunity. It was something new for them but that kind of forward-looking and forward-thinking helped to build programmes that are locally suited.

Another practice is our communication with civil society which we meet with once a month. These include mainly retired people who are volunteers. They are from a wide-variety of backgrounds with expertise such as engineering and medicine. We asked the local business Chamber of Commerce to nominate people and we asked for a cross-section of society. The volunteers are very serious and also very critical. Since they were giving of their time they expect us to deliver on our promises and work. They have become a kind of think tank for the city. It is good that now we can show them that they are truly part of the city and they can also show leadership.

People are often reluctant to change and bad practices have been going on for a long time. To see a shift you need a culture change. We worked with a Norwegian organisation which offered funds on environmental issues and we prepared a TV programme – a 20 minute tele-drama. This also helped to change the mindset since TV has much more coverage than newspaper.

Q: What advice would you give for the strengthening of CITYNET?

CITYNET has played an important role in bringing cities together and establishing of experiences and good practices. I feel CITYNET is doing its part.

Colombo was given opportunities from CITYNET as well as from other organisations such as ADB and World Bank. With CITYNET we adopted the National Chapter and we were able to do some work in that regard. The 2nd Asian Mayors forum was held in Colombo. The mayors of 60 cities as well as representatives of international organisations attended. Also 12 mayors from Sri Lanka attended, we treated them like foreign delegates and they stayed in the same hotels. They interacted with other delegates, through this experience the mindset was changed and they learned from that.

CITYNET should do its best to help less fortunate cities if it needs support and also give back up assistance. Let us work to continue to share best practices.

What advice would you give other cities in Asia?

Cities should look more business-like and have sustainability. You have to be able to manage within your own resources and work towards being financially strong. It is important for people to see progress. Visibility is also important and media plays a large role in this. The public must be informed.  Every Sunday in the newspaper we inform the public about what is going on. It is also important to have NGOs on your side.

Q:  What have been some of the challenges that you have faced?

We learned many lessons from the terrible downpour we had in September. There was a major flood, 60,000 needed shelter, so we needed time to mobilise. However the next day we were able to deal with the situation better. Leadership is most important in these situations. Key issues are methodology, common sense and how to set about. Through business I learned similar things – common sense, a sense of give and take and a commercial mind. Always try to understand another person’s side of the story, sharing in grief – all this develops understanding.

Q: Can you tell us about your famous 100 day plan?

I gave a promise that I will bring about visible change in the city within 100 days. At the end I promised that I will not remain if I do not deliver. On the following day we looked at what the most critical areas were. We identified garbage disposal, road resurfacing and rehabilitation, traffic management, public and curative health, low income settlements as well as improvement in utility services for the underserved population. In 100 days you could see a marked change in the quality of life. However, I had an advantage because I had hope and a good track record. I also made a tablet which said “100 days to make a city.” It was a symbol. People saw people working – they saw change. Good management has to come from the top. If the man at the bottom sees the man at the top it filters down. At end of 100 days there was a difference.

Now we are constantly looking for ways to better the city and start new plans. It is clear that in terms of the underserved population without them the economy won’t move. We are aiming to raise the quality of life of low income settlements – not only those with affluence should see changes…So quality of life and infrastructure is improving.